Беннер Жан-Анри

Портрет императора Петра I


Год создания: 1821

Размер: 14,3 x 10,7 (овал)

Техника: Акварель, бумага на металлической пластинке


Петр I (Великий; 1672–1725) — младший сын царя Алексея Михайловича. С 1682 года — царь (до 1696 года совместно с братом Иоанном V). С 1721 года — первый император всероссийский. Проводимая им внешняя и внутренняя политика имела целью интеграцию России в международную европейскую систему. При Петре I реформированию подверглись все сферы общественной жизни: государственное управление, церковь, армия, образование, бытовая культура. Основал российский флот, вел войны с Турцией за выход к Черному морю и со Швецией — к Балтийскому, чтобы обеспечить России водный путь в Западную Европу.

Benner Jean Henri

Portrait of Peter the Great


Technique: Watercolours,


Emperor Peter I Alexeyevich (16721725) – Peter the Great – was the younger son of Tsar Alexis Mikhailovich. He became Tsar in 1682 (ruling jointly with his brother Ivan V until 1696). From 1721 he was the first Emperor of All the Russias. His foreign and domestic policies were conducted with the aim of integrating Russia into the international European system. He was the first Russian monarch to go on a lengthy journey to Western Europe. On his return he began carrying out reforms in the Western (Protestant) style with his decree about shaving off beards and wearing Western clothes. Under Peter the Great, reforms were carried out in all spheres of public life: the government, the Church, the army, education, everyday culture. He founded the Russian Navy. He waged wars with Turkey, with the aim of gaining an outlet to the Black Sea, and with Sweden for an outlet to the Baltic, so as to provide Russia with a waterway to Western Europe. The transfer of the capital from Moscow to St Petersburg in 1712 became the symbol of the change of Russia from a medieval to a modern European cultural space.

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